Cardamom is one  of  the  indian spices
Cardamom refers to several plants of the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the ginger family Zingiberaceae. Both genera are native to India and Bhutan, they are recognised by their small seed pod, triangular in cross-section and spindle-shaped, with a thin papery outer shell and small black seeds. Elettaria pods are light green while Amomum pods are larger and dark brown. The word cardamom is derived from the Latin

It is the most common type and also more popular than black cardamom. It constitutes one of the most important and valued spices of the world. It is also second most important national spice of India, known as "Queen of Spices"
Medicinal uses:
1. Indigestion: It improves appetite and soothes the mucous membrane. It relieves gas and heartburn caused by garlic and onion. It is also used in digestive ailments like anorexia, flatulence, distaste, halitosis and excessive thirst.

2. Mouth freshner: The aromatic flavor in cardamom is mouth freshning and so it is used to remove foul smell.

3. Diuretic: It is an excellent diuretic and used for treatment of gonorrhea, cystitis, nephritis, burning micturation or urination and scanty urination.

4. Gargling with an infusion made of cardamom and cinnamon is used to treat pharyngitis, sore throat, relax uvula and to improve hoarseness of voice during the infective stage of influenza.

5. Impontency: It is useful in treating erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. Though excessive use of cardamom may also lead to impotency.

6. Other uses: It is also used in Hiccups, depression, cough, asthma, relieve the burning sensations in skin diseases and fevers.

7. It is used for flavoring curries, cakes, bread and other culinary preparations. The essentail oil in cardamom is used to prepare perfumes, in flavoring liquors and bitters, in the preparation of tincture and as a stimulant.